of the Interim General Skills Category/General Skills
further information, please refer to the following:
About New Zealand_
New Zealand is an
island country in the southwest Pacific Ocean. It lies
about 1,000 miles (1,600 Kilometers) southeast of Australia
and about 6,500 miles(10,500 Kilometers) southwest of California. New Zealand belongs
to a large island group called Polynesia. It is made
up of the North Island, Stewart Island and various small
New Zealand has a population of approximately 38 lakh
people (more than 80,000 Indians) with the official
languages being English and Maori. New Zealand is a
beautiful country of snow-capped mountains, green lowlands,
beaches and many lakes and waterfalls. No place is more
than 80 miles(130 Kilometers) from the coast, and in
few places are mountains or hills out of view.
New Zealand has a long tradition of equal rights and
benefits for all its citizens. In 1893, it became the
first nation in the world to give women the vote. In
addition, New Zealand was among the first countries
to provide social security benefits and old-age pensions
for its people. Today,the nation has one of the world's
finest public health programs.
New Zealand's standard of living
ranks among the highest in the world. For many years,
the country's economy depended largely on agriculture,
manufacturing, and service industries are all important
to the economy. New Zealand's economy depends on trade
with many countries. These countries include Australia,
Great Britain, Japan and the United States. It is one
of the few countries in the world which has a pro-active
immigration policy that allows one to live, study, work
and do business indefinitely after one migrates New
Facts in brief-
Official Language: English
New Zealand's unit of currency is the New Zealand dollar
(NZ$) and as her currency is strong and stable there
is no restriction on the amount of foreign currency
that can be brought in or taken out of New Zealand.
All major credit cards can be used in New Zealand.
|Flag and it's significance
The flag of NZ is blue with the flag of UK in the
upper hoist-side quadrant with four red five-pointed
stars edged in white centered in the outer half
of the flag; the stars represent the Southern Cross
"God defend New Zealand"(national); "God save the Queen"(royal).
New Zealand is a peculiar country in many ways. It is
one of the least corrupt countries in the world.
It has maximum number of book shops and boats per thousand
people.Most of the water sources are potable. It also
boasts a pollution free environment -it
is the first country to export fresh air. It is also
one of the highest power (electricity) producing in
the world and also has the best communication and
telephone networks. There are about 20 telecommunications
companies providing international toll or long-distance
and services to & from New Zealand.
Education is free for children and medical treatment
is also free for residents. Your local Citizens Advise Bureau(CAB) is great place to go for
free, up-to-date information. The CAB will help you find the services you need, or
provide answers to difficult questions or problems.
Way of life.
The people of New Zealand have a high standard of living.
They have long been among the best-fed people in the
New Zealanders receive excellent health care under a
system of part-charges based on income. Medical care
for accident cases is free. About 70 per cent of New
Zealand families own their homes, and almost every family
has at least one car.
Most New Zealanders live in single-family
houses with enough land for small flower or vegetable
gardens. In the larger cities, some people live in high-rise
apartment buildings. Almost all New Zealand homes have
refrigerators, washing machines, and other modern electrical
appliances. But few homes have air conditioning or central
heating because New Zealand's weather rarely becomes
extremely hot or extremely cold. In summer, New Zealanders
open windows to keep their homes cool. In winter, they
use electric heaters or open fires in grates to keep
the homes warm.
Although about four-fifths of the people live in urban
areas, New Zealand's cities are fairly uncrowded. Bad
traffic jams seldom occur, even in the city centres.
New Zealand's large cities have excellent restaurants
as well as many milk bars (soda fountains) and pubs
(taverns). These cities also have theatres, concert
halls, and other places of entertainment. City life
in New Zealand tends to be rather quiet. However, this
is changing in the larger cities, where international
tourism has increased rapidly.
In some rural areas of New Zealand, small settlements
are linked by good roads, and so social contact is easy.
But in rugged country, the nearest neighbours may be
many kilometres away. As a result, some farmers live
almost in isolation. Most farms have electricity to
provide light and to operate appliances and machinery.
Many farm families run their farms with little or no
New Zealanders, like people elsewhere,
enjoy watching television in the evening. Almost all
New Zealand homes have TV sets. The nation has three
national television networks plus a pay-TV service covering
Lakes, Rivers and Waterfalls_
Lakes, rivers, and waterfalls are found throughout New
Zealand. Most of the lakes lie in the volcanic
plateau of the North Island and in glacial valleys near
the Southern Alps of the South Island. The largest lake,
Lake Taupo on the North Island, covers 606 square kilometres
and is a holiday area famous for trout fishing.
On both islands, the rivers rise in the mountains and
flow down to the sea. Most of the rivers flow very fast
and are difficult to navigate. The Waikato River on
the North Island is New Zealand's longest river, flowing
425 kilometres. The Clutha River on the South Island
carries the largest volume of water. The rapid flow
of New Zealand's rivers makes them important sources
of hydroelectric power.
New Zealand has hundreds of waterfalls. Sutherland Falls
tumbles 580 metres down a mountain near Milford Sound
on the South Island. It is the fifth highest waterfall
in the world.
Food and drink
New Zealanders eat more butter and meat per person than
do the people of any other country. Lamb is a favorite
meat. Kumaras (sweet potatoes) may accompany lamb and
other meat dishes. A special treat used to be toheroa
soup, made from a native green clam. The toheroa is
now a protected species.
Tea is the favorite drink of most New Zealanders. Beer
and wine are the most popular alcoholic beverages.
Transportation and communication.
New Zealand has an excellent
road network. Almost all New Zealand families own a
car. A railway system links the main cities. Air New
Zealand provides international service. Two other airlines
compete for domestic air service. International airports
are at Auckland, Christchurch, and Wellington. Ferries
carry passengers, cars, and railway wagons between the
North Island and the South Island. Auckland and Wellington
overlook fine natural harbours and have the nation's
busiest seaports. Lyttelton, near Christchurch, is a
major port on the South Island.
New Zealand has about 30 daily newspapers. Auckland's
New Zealand Herald has the largest circulation. The
country has several television networks and a large
number of radio stations. Almost every family in New
Zealand owns a television set and one or more radios.
Privately managed corporations operate New Zealand's
postal, telephone, and telegraph services.
New Zealand offers students a free elementary and secondary
education up to age 19. The law requires children from
6 to 15 to attend school, but most youngsters enter
school at 5. Many children under 5 attend free kindergartens
or play centres.
After completing primary or intermediate school, most
children go on to secondary school. Secondary school
children may receive special training in agriculture,
home economics, technical subjects, and a wide range
of other subjects.
Some schools at all levels are operated by religious
groups, especially the Roman Catholic Church. Most of
these schools are part of the government-supported school
School bus service, particularly in rural areas, is
available for children who live beyond walking distance
from school. Students who live too far from a bus route
may receive instruction from the New Zealand Correspondence
School in Wellington. This government-run school broadcasts
daily lessons on the main radio stations. The school
also mails lessons to the students, who send their homework
back to the teachers.
Zealand has seven universities. They are Massey University
in Palmers town North; the Victoria University of Wellington;
Lincoln University, near Christchurch; the University
of Auckland; the University of Canterbury in Christchurch;
the University of Otago in Dunedin; and the University
of Waikato in Hamilton. New Zealand also has 7 teacher's
training colleges and 24 polytechnic institutes, which
teach applied sciences and trade and technical skills.
Almost all of New Zealand's adult population can read
New Zealand has a mild, moist climate like that of the
Pacific Northwest Coast of the United States. But New Zealand lies south of the
equator, and so its seasons are opposite to those of
the Northern Hemisphere. July is New Zealand's coldest
month, and January and February are its warmest months.
New Zealand's mild climate results from ocean breezes
that bring warmth to the land in winter and coolness
in summer. Summer temperatures range from about 18 °C
to 29 °C. Winter temperatures range from about 2 °C
to about 13 °C. Rain falls throughout the year in New
Zealand. The amount varies little from month to month,
but some regions regularly receive much more rain than
others. Throughout New Zealand, the weather shifts suddenly
from sunny to rainy and back to sunny again.